金容福教授は、彼が描いた三つ脚と世界的な人々の運動を考えた創始者です。今回の訪問者でもあるNidal Abu Zuluf（パレスチナ）と私（南アフリカ）は、北朝鮮人、中国人、インド市民の動きのネットワークの中で、日韓/韓日反核平和連帯（ JAPANESE AND KOREAN CITIZEN’S
PEACE SOLIDARITY AGAINST NUKES JKCPSAN、JKCPSAN）と一緒にやっていくことになるでしょう。この組織は2016年10月に創設されました。
FROM MY VISIT TO SOUTH KOREA AND JAPAN IN MARCH 2017.
Horst Kleinshmidst in South Africa
The nexus of issues over Nuclear Power Plants (NPP’s) is
complex as my hosts, people in the ‘eye of the storm,’ sought to explain. As I
learnt, nuclear is not just safe vs. unsafe or earth friendly vs. earth
NPP’s are currently being built than at any time before. The greatest
concentration globally is/will be Japan, Korea, China.
countries will however not build new NPP’s for fear of safety issues. They include
Germany and a number of countries in South-East Asia. They might state
prohibitive costs, but, I was told, fear around safety is the actual or main
three generations of people maimed by nuclear radioactive material: A survivor
from Hiroshima, children of people of around Hiroshima and Nagasaki and a
current generation of parents and children with extremely high incidents of
cancer (thyroid and other) from the Fukushima rupture six years ago, and from
other NPP’s that leak radioactivity.
and Korean civil society feel they were victims when the USA dropped the bombs
in 1945 but now are perpetrators in that their own corporations (Toshiba, Hitachi and others) build NPP’s that are unsafe
for local and, for the export market.
is the largest microchip maker globally for NPP’s.
1.6.The greatest warning is that the Government/Corporate
sector, build NPP’s which serve as the means to sophisticate nuclear arms.
Japan and Korea feel they are in the eye of new nuclear arms diplomacy that may
lead to actual bombings.
1.7.The Trump response to North Korea provides the scenario. Pentagon supports the construction of a naval
bases (Gnajung in Jeju Island) in
South Korea to which US submarines with
warheads aimed at North Korea can dock but
which China sees as an equal potential threat to them.
hosts see two ‘hot spots’ where nuclear arms diplomacy has the potential to
lead to war: The Middle East and the Korean peninsula. Hence the focus on by
JKCPSAN on BDS-Palestine and now a BDS against the Government-Corporate
collusion in Japan and South Korea.
1.9.The Fukushima disaster is blamed on the earthquake and
tsunami. But, in the court case about the disaster, it has now come to light
that when the plant was built, in order to cut operating costs, safety measures
were being ignored. This raises not only questions with regard to corporate
concealment in the interest of profits, but shines light on whether the State
deals with the consequences of social and related cost or whether the
corporation who built the plant should be held accountable.
22,000 plaintiffs seek compensation from Toshiba once their liability in regard
to Fukuoka has been clearly established.
evidence of radioactivity weighs heavily: Six years after Fukushima radioactivity remains higher than it was after Chernobyl.
In the surrounds of Fukushima the incidence of child thyroid cancer
is 180 times its incidence elsewhere. All topsoil at Fukuoka is being scraped away and bagged for disposal at a site(s) not know –
and probably remain secret. Fukuoka soil may not be taken to Tokyo and Fukuoka
children (47 km away) may not play outside – instead play with sand in pens,
imported from elsewhere.
Japanese Government and corporations are hiding the truth from ordinary people; safety was
ignored when preventable measures could have been put in place; corporate
responsibility is not financial compensation but prevention.Ethical standards are circumvented
through silences to escape social, ecological responsibility; it is not
possible to insist on proper corporate social responsibility with NPP’s; the
IAEA is suspect in its dealings with corporations and Governments; this is not clean energy – it is lethal
2. International solidarity.
There are three legs to a global
problem: a) BDS and Palestine, b) Deceptions with regard to nuclear materials, and
c) The South African experience.
Prof Yong-Bock Kim is the originator in thought of this three-legged but
global people’s movement that he envisages. Our visit, Nidal AbuZuluf (Palestine) and me (South Africa) will be followed up
by the JAPANESE AND KOREAN CITIZEN’S PEACE SOLIDARITY AGAINST NUKES (JKCPSAN) for Peace with work amongst North Koreans, Chinese and Indian citizen’s
movements. JKCPSAN was created in October 2016.
a new global citizen’s movement for peace, which follows in
the footsteps of the Aldermaston Anti- Nuclear bomb marchers of the 1950’and 60’s in the United Kingdom led by Bertrand Russell and Canon
John Collins. Non-violence people’s action is basic to the modus operandi. Thus
in Palestine the partner organisation is the Joint Advocacy Initiative, a
structure now 12 years old. The focus of the Japan/Korea campaign is to stop
Toshiba from exporting Nuclear Power
Plants(NPP’s). Our hosts’
motivation is to charge that NPP’s are violating ethical and moral standards, and they are anti ‘other’.
intellectual thrust for the movement comes largely from Prof Yong-Bock Kim of
South Korea, whose thrust speaks to the poor and powerless exposed to NPP’s
(based on class), to solidarity, in the first instance with Palestinians, and
to a new spiritual convergence (non-confessional) between the three anchors
(Palestine, Japan/Korea and South Africa). He speaks of BDS as a new vision for
peace with global corporate and governmental ramifications, with the power to
create a new ‘fiesta or celebration of life’.
prospective global movement gains itsmoral
leadership from people in Japan and Korea.
building of citizen’s movements happens outside of established political
ever-stronger global corporate powers and
its control over the weakened nation states demand a global people’s voice. Oppression
and exploitation is taking on a new face. Apartheid-like occupation of Palestine
is the most visible and brutal expression, but examples abound and are in the
making in many places across the globe.
issues facing citizens everywhere is the ‘nuclear industrial, governmental,
military, academic and media complex’ (or class alliance)that exists globally. Prof Kim is the proponent who
articulates this thesis. It elevates local liberation struggles and places them
in a new context.
to Prof Kim’s thesis is that nuclear power to generate energy is
the forerunner to nuclear armaments as the means to conduct diplomacy, and in
the end, the very use of these armaments. Evidence is mounting that
political-corporate power is corrupt and profit oriented with little or no
regard for people’s rights, liberties, and in the event of war, people’s
The JKCPSAN communication takes place
in Japanese and Korean, which is obvious. Communication in English presents a
challenge to most of those I met and travelled with. This poses a severe
problem because there is a body of knowledge that needs to get known beyond –
in English and other languages. The JKCPSAN hope to address this with the
creation of an English website.
The essence of Palestinian occupation is Israeli
colonialism. This was and remains the essence of apartheid South Africa, and,
it was new to me, colonialism that is a powerful feature in Korean-Japanese
relations. Japan was the colonial master
of Korea (North and South) until the end of WWII.
4.1. Koreans seek acknowledgment by the USA, Japan and
beyond for the forced Koreanlabours
were subjected to at Japanese munitions factories in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. At
least 70,000 Koreans died when the USA dropped atomic bombs in 1945. An unknown
larger community of Koreans survived, many repatriated back to Korea. Physical, mental and social
effects haunt these people into the second and now third generation, caused by
the radioactive impact.
4.2. Mostly women campaigners are permanently present
outside the Japanese Embassy in Seoul, demanding recognition and reparations
for the Korean ‘comfort women’ forced to serve Japanese soldiers.
4.3. Due to South Korea’s dependence on the USA to this day,
successive Korean Governments have not acknowledged Korean nuclear victims. A
national memorial site was only built in 1979. It continues to trace Korean
victims of the Atomic bomb. The Korean
Red Cross also looks after affected survivors of 1945 as well as the affected
children of the survivors.
4.4. There is a strong sense that the USA owes restitution
and reparations to Koreans, both in South and North Korea.
4.5. Colonialism has its racist and racial implications in
Japan. The half-million minority of Koreans living Japan today have to fight
for their rights. Discriminatory practices are being challenged to this day.
4.6. Most South Koreans I met also fought military
dictatorship in their own country. Besides the thousands that military dictators shot and killed (now commemorated at
Gwangju, thousands more served imprisonment or were exiled until democracy was
once more secured.
4.7. I was fortunate to be present at the 1 million candle’
vigil in the centre of Seoul on Saturday, 18th March. This is a
powerful pro-democracy movement and welds together the unfinished issues that Koreans have with past and current matters.
Global events, since the election of
Donald Trump in the USA instil urgency in the project before us.